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The method of praying Namaz is



as follows; With Wuzu, face towards the Qibla and stand so that there is a gap of four fingers between your feet. Take each hand to each ear and touch the lobes of the ears with the thumbs and leave the rest of the fingers in their normal state, don’t join them together or spread them apart. Face the palms of the hands towards the Qibia and your sight is to look at the sijdah. Then make a firm intention in your heart as to which Namaz you are praying and while saying ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ lower your hands and join them below the
naval. The way to join the hands is to have the palm of the right hand on top of the back of the left hand wrist, keep the middle three fingers straight and circle the left wrist with the thumb and the little finger firmly grasping the hand. Then pray ‘Sana’ meaning

Subhanakallah Humma Wa Bihamdika Wa Tabarakasmuka Wa Ta’ala Jadduka Wa Laa ila’ha Ghairuk” . Then pray Ta’awwuz meaning “A’oozu Billahi Minas Shaitaanir Rajeem” and then pray Tasmee’a meaning “Bismillah’ ir’rahman’ir’ Raheem” . Then pray the whole of the ‘Alhamdo’ Surat and say ‘Aameen’ quietly. After this, pray any Surat or three ayats or one ayat which is equivalent to three small ayats.


Then whilst saying Allah-o-Akbar go into the Rukooh. Grasp the knees with the hands and spread your  fingers over the knees. Keep your back straight and your head level with your back and make sure that you
are not too far up or kneeling to low down and keep your sight on your feet and pray at least three times “Subhana Rabbi’al Azueem’ and then pray this whilst standing up ‘Sami Allahu Liman Hamidah’
and if you are praying Namaz alone then also say ‘Allahumma Rabbana Walakal Hamd’ and then while saying Allah-o-Akbar go into the Sijdah. The way to do this is to first put your knees on the ground, then put your hands at the side of the place where your are going to put your head and then place your head by first placing your nose on the ground and then your forehead and then press hard on your nose. Look towards your nose and keep your elbows up so that they don’t touch the ground and leave a gap between your armpits and make sure that there is a gap between your thighs and your stomach.

Place all your toes so that their tips are pointing towards the Qibla and their bases are flat on the ground. Keep your hands flat and have your fingers pointing towards the Qibla. Then pray at least three times ‘Subhana Rabbi al A’ala’. Then lift your head up while saying Allah-o-Akbar with first lifting your forehead then your nose then your face and then your hands. Keep your right foot upright and lay your left foot flat and sit on it firmly. Place your hands on your knees with the finger tips pointing towards the Qibla
and the palm of your hands flat near your knees and the base of the .fingertips laid flat at the end of your kneecaps. Then whilst saying ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ go back into the Sijdah and this is done in the same way as the first one. Then stand up by placing your hands on your knees and putting pressure on your knees and legs stand upright, don’t put your hands on the ground to assist you to stand up. Now pray only ‘Bismillah’ir’ Rahmaan’ir’ Raheem’ and then Alhamdo and another Surat and as before perform Rukooh and Sijdah, and when getting up from the second Sijdah leave your right foot upright and lay your left foot flat and sit upright. And pray •AttahiyyaatuLillahi Was Salawato Wattayyibatu Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabi ‘o ‘Warahmatullahi Wabarka’tuhu Assalamu Alaina Wa’ala’Ibadillahis Sa’liheen, Ash’had’u'un La ilahaillallahu Wa Ash’hadu Anna MuhammadunAbd’uhu Wa Rasooluh’, This is known as Tashahhud. When you are reaching La’Jlaha make a circle in your right hand by joining the thumb with the middle finger and curl the small and it’s adjacent finger with the middle finger and on the word La lift your index finger but
don’t move side to side and when you reach ‘illallahu’ straighten your hand back to normal. Now if you have more than two Ra.kats to pray then stand back up and pray more Rakats, but for a Farz Namaz there is no need to join an other Surat after Alhamdo and then continue and when you reach your last Qaidah (sitting position) pray

Tashahhud and then pray the DuroodSharif called Durood-e-lbrahim‘Allahumma Salleh Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa’ala’ Aale Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Sallaiyta Ala Sayyidina Ibraheema Wa’ Ala Aale Sayyidina Ibraheema InnakaHameedum Majeed -Allahumma Baarak Ala Sayyidina Muhammadin Wa’ Ala Aale Sayyidina Muhammadin Kama Baarakta Ala Sayyidina Ibraheem Wa’ Ala Aale Sayyidina Ibraheema Innaka Hameedum Majeed’

After this pray‘Allahumag Firii Wali Wale Dayya Wal Ustaad’e Wal Jamee’il Mu’mineena Wal Mu’meenat Wal Muslimeena Wal MuslimatAI’Ahya’eMinhum Wal Amwaat’e Innaka MujeebudDa’waatBirahmatikaYa Ar’hamarr’ahimeen’ or pray another Dua-e-Ma’soor or pray ‘Allahumma Rabbana Aatina Fid DuniyaHasanatawWafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa QinaAzaabanNaar’ Make
sure you pray this by starting it with ‘Allahumma’ and then turn your head towards your right shoulder and say‘Assalamu Alai’kumWarah’matullah’ and then turn your head towards your left shoulder and repeat the same words again. The Namaz has now finished, so raise both your hands and pray any Dua for example‘Allahumma Rabbana Aatina Fid Duniya Hasanataw Wafil Akhirati Hasanataw Wa Qina
Azaaban Naar’ then rub your hands over your face. This is the method for an Imam or a male praying Namaz on their own. If however, you are a Muqtadee meaning praying in congregation (Jamaat) and
behind an Imam then don’t perform Qiraayat meaning don’t pray ‘Alhamdo’ or a Surat, whether the Imam is praying loudly or quietly. Qiraayat is not allowed in any Namaz if it is being prayed behind an Imam.


If the Namazee is a female then at the Takbeer-e-Tahrima she should lift her hands only upto her
shoulders and then place her left hand on her chest and the right hand on top of it. When performing Rukoo she should only bend a little so that her hands reach her knees and she should not put pressure on her knees and keep her fingers tightly together and not to straighten her back like males. When performing Sijdah she should crawl up and perform Sijdah so that the arms are joined with the sides, her stomach is joined with her thighs and her thighs are crawled up with her shins and her feet are pointing outwards and are flat. In Qaidah she should have both her feet pointing outwards towards the right and are flat. She should sit on her left buttock
and keep her hands in the middle of her thighs.

Order of Farz, Wajib.
Sunnat and Mustahhab

  • Rule: In the above method
    some actions are Farz (obligatory) and therefore without
    performing these the Namaz will not count. Some actions are Wajib
    (necessary) and therefore to deliberately miss them is a sin and
    it would be necessary (Wajib) to repeat the Namaz and if they are
    missed by mistake then a ‘Sijdah-e-Sahoo’ would have to be
    performed at the end. Some are Sunnat-e-Maukida and therefore to
    make a habit of missing them is a sin and some are Mustahhab and
    therefore to perform will gain rewards and to miss will not be a

Farz (Obligatory) actions
within Namaz.

There are seven action within Namaz which
are Farz.

  1. Takbeer-e-Tahrima -
    meaning the first ‘Allah-o-Akbar’ (or any other word which would
    praise Allah) with which the Namaz begins
  2. Qayaam - meaning to stand
    until the Farz Qiraayat is completed
  3. Qiraayat - meaning to
    pray at least one verse of the Holy Quran
  4. Rukooh - meaning to bend
    so that that the hands reach the knees
  5. Sujood - meaning the
    forehead to firmly touch the ground and at least one toe on each
    foot to be flat so that it’s base is touching the ground and it’s
    tip is pointing towards the Qibla
  6. Qaidah-e-Akhira - meaning
    when the Rakats of Namaz are completed to sit for the duration it
    takes so the whole of Tashahhud (attahiyat) is completed until ‘Rusooluh’
  7. Khurooj-e-Be’sunoo’i -
    meaning after Qaida-e-Akhira to perform an action with which the
    Namaz would finish, whether that be Salaam or to talk etc.

Wajib (necessary) actions
of Namaz

  1. In the Takbeer-e-Tahrima to use
    the words ‘Allah-o-Akbar’
  2. To pray the whole of the Alhamdo
  3. To join a Surat or a verse (Ayat)
    with Alhamdo. In a Farz Namaz for the first two Rakats and in a
    Witr, Sunnat or Nafl Namaz in all the Rakats.
  4. To pray before a Surat or Ayat,
    Alhamdo only once.
  5. Between Alhamdo and a Surat not
    to pray anything except ‘Ameen’ and Bismillah…
  6. To go into Rukoo as soon as the
    Qirayat is finished
  7. To perform one Sijdah after
    another without having a delayed gap in between. The gap must be
    no longer than one Rukun, meaning the time it takes someone to say
    ‘Subhanallah’ three times.
  8. To pause between actions,
    meaning a gap of time the same as at least one ‘Subhanallah’
    between, Rukoo, Sijdah, Quwmaa and Jalsa.
  9. Quwma, meaning to stand up
    straight after Rukoo.
  10. When in Sijdah to have three
    toes on each foot to be flat on the ground and the tips pointing
    towards Qibla.
  11. Jalsa, meaning to sit up between
    two Sijdahs.
  12. Qaidah-e-Oola, meaning to sit
    after two Rakats, if there are more than two Rakats in a Namaz,
    whether it is a Nafl (voluntary) Namaz.
  13. Not to continue further after
    Tashahhud (Attahiyat) in a Qaida-e-Oola for a Farz, Witr or
    Sunnat-e-Maukida Namaz.
  14. To pray in both Qaidahs the
    whole of Tashahhud, in fact, regardless of the amount of Qaidahs
    in a Namaz to pray the whole of Tashahhud is Wajib, if even one
    word is left out of Attahiytat the Wajib will be missed.
  15. In both Salaams the word Salaam
    is Wajib, the words ‘Alaikum Wa Rahmutullah’ is not Wajib.
  16. To pray ‘Dua-e-Kunoot’ in Witr.
  17. To perform Takbeer in Kunoot (To
    lift your hands and say Allah-o-Akbar in the third Rakat of Witr).
  18. All six Takbeers of Eid Namaz’s
  19. The Takbeers in the second rakat
    of the Eid Namaz and for them to have the words ‘Allah-o-Akbar.
  20. The Imam to pray loudly in all
    Jehri Namaz and to pray quietly in non Jehri Namaz.
  21. To pray all Farz and Wajib Namaz
    in routine (meaning to pray the before one’s before and the after
    one’s after).
  22. To perform only one Rukoo in
    every rakat and to perform only two Sijdahs.
  23. Not to perform a Qaidah before
    two rakats and not to perform a Qaida in the third rakat if it is
    a four rakat Namaz.
  24. To perform Sijdah-e-Tilawat if
    an Ayat of Sijdah has been prayed.
  25. If there has been an error
    (where a Wajib has been missed) then to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
  26. There is not to be a gap between
    two Farz actions or between two Wajib actions or a Farz and a
    Wajib actions longer than the time it takes to say Subhanallah
    three times.
  27. If the Imam is performing
    Qirayat, whether it is loudly or quietly, the Muqtadees to remain
    completely quiet.
  28. Except for Qirayat, to follow
    the Imam in all the Wajibs.

Except for the Farz and Wajib
actions, all the rest of the actions mentioned in the method of
Namaz are either Sunnat or Mustahhab. They should not be missed on
purpose, and if they are missed by mistake then it is not necessary
to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo nor repeat the Namaz. If however, you
repeated the Namaz then it is a good thing. If you want to know in
more detail the Sunnats and Mustahhabs then read either
Bahar-e-Shariat or Fatawa-e-Razvia as we have not gone into small
detail or abbreviated them here.


When is Sijdah-e-Sahoo
Wajib ?

If those actions which are Wajib in Namaz
are not performed by mistake, it is Wajib to perform the
Sijdah-e-Sahoo to substitute for the action missed.

Method of performing

The method of performing this is, when you
finish praying ‘Attahiyat’ in the last Qaidah, turn your head to the
right side and then perform two Sijdahs. Then repeat Attahiyat from
the beginning and complete your Namaz.

  • Rule: If a Wajib was
    missed and you did not perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and completed the
    Namaz, then it is Wajib to repeat the Namaz. Rule: If a Wajib is
    missed deliberately, then a to perform A Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not
    be sufficient and therefore it would be Wajib to repeat the Namaz.
    Rule: If any of the Farz actions are missed, then Sijdah-e-Sahoo
    would not compensate for them and therefore the Namaz would not
    count and to repeat the Namaz would be Farz.

Actions which by missing
would not make the Sijdah-e-Sahoo necessary

  • Rule: If the actions that
    are Sunnat or Mustahhab in Namaz are missed, such as ‘Ta’awwuz’, ‘Tasmee’
    ‘Aameen’, ‘Takbeers when changing positions’, the Tasbeehs (of
    Rukoo and Sijdahs) etc. it would not make it necessary to perform
    Sijdah-e-Sahoo, but the Namaz would count [Radd-ul-Mohtar,
    However, it would be better to repeat it.
  • Rule: If in one Namaz
    many Wajibs are missed, then the two Sijdahs of Sahoo would be
    sufficient, it is not necessary to perform a Sijdah-e-Sahoo for
    ever Wajib missed [Radd-ul-Mohtar, etc.].
  • Rule: If in the first
    Qaidah after Attahiyat and before standing for the third Rakat
    there is a delay as long as it takes to pray ‘Allahumma Salleh Ala
    Muhammad’ then Sijdah-e-Sahoo would become Wajib, whether you pray
    it or not, in both situations Sijdah-e-Sahoo would become Wajib
    [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  • Rule: If in Qiraayat etc
    at any time you start thinking and there is a gap long enough for
    someone to say ‘Subhanallah’ three times, then it would be Wajib
    to perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  • Rule: If you think that
    the first Qaidah is the last Qaidah in a four Rakat Namaz and you
    perform Salaam and then remember and stand back up and complete
    the Namaz, you must perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Alamgiri]. If
    you forgot to pause between actions then Sijdah-e-Sahoo is Wajib
  • Rule: If a Muqtadee had
    not completed his ‘Attahiyat’ and the Imam stood up for the third
    Rakat, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to complete his Attahiyat,
    regardless of whether it causes delay.
  • Rule: If the Muqtadee had
    not prayed the Tasbeeh in a Rukoo or Sijdah three times and the
    Imam finished it and stood up, it is necessary for the Muqtadee to
    stand up and not finish the rest of the Tasbeeh.
  • Rule: If a person forgot
    to perform the first Qaidah and had only started standing up then
    he should sit back down and pray Attahiyat and the Namaz would be
    correct, a Sijdah-e-Sahoo would not be necessary. If however, he
    stood up and was close to completely, standing then he should
    stand up and continue with his Namaz and then finally perform
    Sijdah-e-Sahoo [Shareh Waqia, Hidaaya etc].
  • Rule: If you forgot to
    perform the last Qaidah and had not yet performed a Sijdah for the
    extra Rakat then you should sit back down straight away and
    perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo. If however, you had performed a Sijdah for
    the extra Rakat then except for Maghrib you can join another Rakat
    and they would all count as Nafl, because your Farz Namaz would
    not count and therefore you would have to pray the Farz Namaz
    again [Hidaaya, Shareh Waqia].
  • Rule: If in the last
    Qaidah you prayed Tasahhud and then stood back up, you should sit
    straight back down and as long as you have not performed a Sijdah
    for the extra Rakat, perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and complete the Namaz.
    If however, you had performed a Sijdah in the extra Rakat, your
    Farz Namaz would still count but you should join another Rakat and
    then finally perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and the last two Rakats would
    count as Nafl, but do not join another Rakat for Maghrib Namaz
    [Hidaaya, Shareh Waqia].
  • Rule: If in one Rakat you
    performed three Sijdahs or two Rukoos or forgot the first Qaidah
    then perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo.
  • Rule: Order of sequence
    is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah,
    therefore, if you performed Rukoo before you performed Qayam then
    this Rukoo is cancelled and will not count and if then you perform
    another Rukoo your Namaz will count otherwise it will not, and in
    the same way if you performed Sijdah before the Rukoo and then
    performed the Rukoo and performed the Sijdah again after, then the
    Namaz will count.
  • Rule: Order of sequence
    is obligatory in Qayam, Rukoo, Sijdah and the last Qaidah meaning,
    whichever is due first should be done first and whichever is due
    next should be done next and if this done in,the wrong order then
    the Namaz will not count, for example, if someone performed Sijdah
    before Rukoo then their Namaz will not count, however, if they
    performed the Sijdah again after the Rukoo meaning they rectified
    the order of sequence again then their Namaz will count. In the
    same way if they perform Rukoo before Qayam and they stand back in
    Qayam and then perform another Rukoo, their Namaz will count
    All Qaidahs in Nafl Namaz are counted as last
    Qaidahs and therefore are obligatory and so if you forgot to
    perform a Qaidah and stood up then as long as you have not
    performed a Sijdah for the new Rakat sit back down and perform the
    Qaidah and then perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo and all Wajib Namaz are in
    the same rule as Farz Namaz, therefore if you forget to perform
    the first Qaidah of Witr then the same rule applies as a Farz
    Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  • Rule: If you forgot to
    pray Dua-e-Kunoot or forgot to perform the Takbeer-e-Kunoot then
    perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo. Takbeer-e-Kunoot means the Takbeer that is
    said in the third Rakat after Qirat and is done and then
    Dua-e-Kunoot is prayed [Alamgiri].

What is Sijdah-e-Tilaawat

This is the Sijdah which becomes Wajib when
you pray or hear the verse of Sijdah. It’s proper method is to stand
up and say Allaho-o-Akbar whilst going into Sijdah and then pray at
least three times ‘Subhana Rabbi’al Aalaa’ and then whilst saying
Allah-o-Akbar stand back up.


Sunnat way of performing

  • Rule:It is Sunnat to say
    at the start and the end ‘Allaho Akbar in Sijdah-e-Tilaawat. Also
    to start the Sijdah by standing up and then going into Sijdah and
    then standing back up again after. Both of these Qayams are
    Mustahhab [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.].
  • Rule: If you did not
    stand before or after the Sijdah or you did not say Allaho Akbar
    or you did not pray ‘Subhana Rabbi’al Aala’, then even still your
    Sijdah will count. However, you should not miss Takbeer as it is
    against procedure [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  • Rule: When saying the
    Takbeer you do not lift your hands nor do you pray Attahiyat or
    perform Salaam in Sijdah-e-Tilaawat [Tanweer, Bahar].
  • Rule: In total there are
    fourteen verses in the Holy Quran whereby whichever verse is
    prayed, both the person praying and listening will have to perform
    Sijdah-e-Tilaawat as it will become Wajib on them, whether the
    person listening made the intention of listening to it or not.

Conditions of

  • Rule:Except for Tahrimah,
    for Sijdah-e-Tilaawat all conditions remain which are in Namaz;
    For example, cleanliness, facing the Qibla, intention, time and
    covering of the body, also if you have access to water then you
    cannot perform Sijdah-e-Tilaawat by performing Tayammum [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
  • Rule: If a verse of
    Sijdah is prayed in Namaz then it is Wajib in Namaz to perform
    Sijdah and if you delay it you will become a sinner. Delay means
    to pray three or more verses after the verse of Sijdah. If
    however, the verse is at the end of a Surat then there is no harm
    in finishing the Surat. For example, in Surah Inshaaq if you
    performed Sijdah at the end of the Surat there is no harm.
  • Rule: If you prayed a
    verse of Sijdah in Namaz, but forgot to perform Sijdah then as
    long as you are in the state of Namaz (whether you have performed
    Salaam) then you must perform it and then perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo
    [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  • Rule: If you pray a verse
    of Sijdah in Namaz then to perform it’s Sijdah is Wajib in Namaz
    not outside, and if you deliberately missed it then you are a
    sinner and repentance is necessary as long as you did not perform
    Rukooh and Sijdah straight after the verse.
  • Rule: It is not a
    condition to state in the intention for Sijdah-e-Tilaawat the
    verse that you have prayed, but a general intention of
    Sijdah-e-Tilaawat is sufficient.
  • Rule: Whatever action
    breaks the Namaz also breaks the Sijdah-e-Tilaawat, such as
    releasing wind, talking, laughing in Namaz etc. [Durr-e-Mukhtar
  • Rule: Sijdah does not
    become Wajib by writing a vferse of Sijdah or just by looking at
    the verse [Qazi Khan, Alamgiri, Guniya].
  • Rule: For the Sijdah to
    become Wajib, it is not necessary to pray the whole verse of
    Sijdah, but by just praying the word that makes the verse Wajib
    and a joining word before or after the word would make the Sijdah
    Wajib [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  • Rule: By spelling or
    listening to the spelling of a verse of Sijdah does not make the
    Sijdah Wajib [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Qazi Khan].
  • Rule: If the translation
    of a verse of Sijdah is prayed or is heard then the Sijdah becomes
    Wajib, whether the person who heard it understands it or not that
    it was the translation of a verse of Sijdah. However, it is
    important that if he does not know then he should be informed. If
    however, the verse is prayed and then the translation is prayed
    then it is not necessary to inform him that this was the
    translation [Qazi Khan, Alamgiri, Bahar].
  • Rule: If a woman on her
    menstrual cycle of bleeding after childbirth has prayed the verse
    then the Sijdah won’t be necessary for her to perform the Sijdah,
    however those who have heard her pray the verse will have to
    perform the Sijdah as it is still Wajib for them [Bahar].


  • Rule: Just as it does not
    become Wajib for a woman on her menstrual cycle or bleeding after
    childbirth to perform a Sijdah, it also does not become Wajib for
    her if she hears the verse.
  • Rule: If a person for
    whom it is obligatory to bathe has prayed the verse of Sijdah or
    heard the verse or a person who is not in Wuzu prays or hears it
    then it still becomes Wajib for them to perform a Sijdah.
  • Rule: If a child prays a
    verse of Sijdah then it becomes Wajib for those who hear it but
    not for the child [Alamgiri etc.].
  • Rule: If the Imam has
    prayed the verse of Sijdah but did not perform Sijdah, then the
    Muqtadee will also not perform Sijdah and continue following the
    Imam even though they might have heard the verse [Guniya].
    Whenever the verse is prayed and for some reason the person
    praying or hearing do not perform the Sijdah then it is Mustahhab
    to pray “Sam’1 Na Wa Ata’na Gufranaka Rabbana Wa’ilaikal Masir
  • Rule: To pray the whole
    Surat and to miss the verse of Sijdah is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi [Qazi
    Khan, Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  • Rule: If in one Mosque
    one verse is repeated many times or heard many times then only one
    Sijdah is Wajib even if different people have prayed it. Also if
    you pray a verse and you hear the same verse from someone else,
    then again only one Sijdah will be Wajib [Durr-e-Mukhtar,

Changing of an Assembly

  • Rule: The assembly will
    not change by eating one or two bites, drinking one or two gulps,
    to stand, to walk one or two steps, to reply to a greeting, two
    talk a couple of words, to walk from one side of the house towards
    another side. If however, it is a large house with different rooms
    then the assembly will change by walking from one side to another.
    If you are in a boat and it is moving then the assembly will not
    change. The same rule should also apply to a train. If you are on
    an animal and the animal is moving then the assembly is changing
    but if you are praying Namaz on the animal then the assembly has
    not changed. The assembly will change if you eat three bites, or
    drink three gulps, or walking three steps in a field, to speak
    three words, to lie down and go to sleep, to pray the Nikah and to
    buy or sell something [Alamgiri, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Guniya, Bahar].


  • Rule: To sit in an
    assembly for a while and to pray the Quran or perform a lecture or
    listen to a lecture or have a religious discussion does not change
    the assembly, but if between the same verse being repeated you
    perform a worldly action like to sew a piece of cloth etc. then
    the assembly will change [Radd-ul-Mokhtar].
  • Rule: If the person
    hearing the verse is paying attention and to perform the Sijdah
    would not be a strain on them then the verse should be prayed
    loudly otherwise it should be prayed quietly and if you are not
    sure whether they are paying attention or not then the verse
    should be prayed quietly [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar-e-Shariat].
  • Rule: During the state of
    illness, theSildah can be performed by action only, also if you
    are on a journey and in a vehicle then you can perform action only
    to fulfil the Sijdah and it will count [Alamgiri etc.].

Sijdah-e-Shukr (Thanks)

The method of performing a Sijdah for
thanking Allah is the same as for Sijdah-e-Tilaawat.


  • Rule: It is Mustahhab to
    perform the Sijdah-e-Shukr if a child is born, or you have gained
    wealth, or you have found a lost item, or your illness has gone
    better, or you have returned from a journey safely or you have
    obtained a gift.


  • Rule: Qiraayat should be so loud that if you are not deaf
    or there is no loud noise in the background, then you can hear
    what you are praying yourself and if it is not this loud then the
    Namaz will not count. In the same way all other situations that
    require verbal praying has the same rule, for example,
    slaughtering an animal and to say ‘Bismillah Allaho Akbar’, to
    give a divorce (Talaaq), to pray the verse of Sijdah that would
    make the Sijdah-e-Tilaawat Wajib, in all these situations the
    voice should be so loud that you can hear it yourself [Miraqul
    Falaah etc.].
  • Rule: It is Wajib for the
    Imam to pray loudly (Johr) in the first two Farz Rakats of Fajr,
    Maghrib and Isha and for the Rakats of Ju’ma, Eids, Tarawih and
    the Witr for Ramadan. It is Wajib for the Imam to pray quietly (Ahista)
    in the third Rakat of Maghrib, the third and fourth Rakat of Isha
    and all the Rakats of Zohr and Asr.
  • Rule: To pray loudly for
    the Imam means he prays loud enough that the people in the first
    row can hear and quietly means he can hear his voice himself.
  • Rule: To pray loudly but
    only one or two people next to you can hear is not counted as Johr
    but is counted as Ahista [Durr-e-Mukhtar]. In the loud (Johri)

    Namaz a person praying on their own has got the choice of praying
    loudly or quietly, it is better to pray loudly.

  • Rule: If a person praying
    on their own is praying a Qaza Namaz then it is Wajib to pray
    quietly in all Namaz [Durr-e-Mukhtar]. If a
    person was praying quietly and another person joined in then if it
    is a John Namaz then they must pray the rest loudly and it is not
    necessary to repeat the part he has prayed quietly.
  • Rule: If you forgot to
    add a Surat and went into Rukoo and then remembered, you must
    stand back up and pray the Surat and then perform the Rukoo again
    and finally perform Sijdah-e-Sahoo, if you do not perform the
    Rukooh again then the Namaz will not count [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  • Rule: If you are not on a
    journey and you have enough time then it is Sunnat to pray ‘Tawal-e-Mufassal’
    (long Surats) in Fajr and Zohr, ‘Awsat-e-Mufassal’ (medium Surats)
    in Asr and Isha and ‘Qasaar-e-Mufassal’ (short Surats) in Maghrib,
    whether you are an Imam or are praying on your own (Munfarid).

Surats which are Tawal,
Awsat and Qasaar-e-Mufassal

Surats between Surah-e-Hijraat to Surah-e-
Burooj are Tawal-e-Mufassal. Surats between Surah-e-Burooj to Surah
Lamyakunallazi are known as Awsat-e-Mufassal and Surats from
Lamyakun to the end are known as Qasaar-e-Mufassal.

  • Rule: If there is no rush
    in a journey then it is Sunnat to pray Surah-e-Burooj or an
    equivalent size Surat in Fajr and Zohr and in Asr and Isha a
    shorter Surat than that and in Maghrib to pray the short Surats of
    Qasaar-e-Mufassal, if however, you are in a hurry then you can
    pray whatever is easier [Alamgiri]. During times of
    difficulty such as the time is going to go or you are afraid of a
    thief or scared of an enemy then you can pray whatever you wish
    whether you are on a journey or not and even if you cannot
    complete the Wajibs of the Namaz you are allowed to miss them
    also. For example, the time of Fajr is so short that you can only
    pray one verse each then do this [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
    but after the Sun has risen repeat this Namaz
  • Rule: Whilst praying the
    Sunnats of Fajr, there is a fear that the Jamaat for the Farz
    Namaz will be missed then you should only perform the Wajibs, you
    should miss Sana and Ta’awwuz and in Rukooh and Sijdah you should
    only pray the Tasbeeh once [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  • Rule: In Witr Namaz the
    Holy Prophet prayed ‘Sabb-I-ismi Rabb’l'kal A’alaa’ in the first
    Rakaat and ‘QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiroon’ in the second Rakaat and ‘QuI
    Huwal Lah Ho Ahad in the third Rakaat. Therefore, as a gesture
    these Surats should be prayed and on occasions ‘Inna Anzalna’
    instead of ‘Sabb-I-Ismi’.
  • Rule: It is
    Makrooh-e-Tahrimi to pray the Holy Quran backwards, for example,
    to pray ‘QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kafiroon’ in the first Rakaat and ‘Alam
    Tara Kaifa’ in the second Rakaat is not allowed, however, if it is
    done by mistake then there is no harm.
  • Rule: There is no harm in
    teaching the Para Amma backwards to children so that it is easy to
    learn [Radd-ul-Mohtar].
  • Rule: If by mistake you
    prayed in the second Rakaat an earlier Surat than the first Rakaat,
    then whether it is only one word you have prayed you must
    continue, you are not allowed to stop and start another one. For
    example, in the first Rakaat you prayed ‘QuI Yaa Ayyuhal Kaafiroon’
    and in the second Rakaat you started by mistake ‘Alam Tara’ then
    you must continue this Surat.

The Rule of Missing a
Surat in Between

  • Rule: To miss a Surat
    between two Surats is Makrooh. However, if the middle Surat is a
    larger Surat than the first one then this is allowed. For example,
    there is no harm in praying ‘Inna Anzalna’ after ‘Watteena
    Wazzaytoona’, however, you should not pray ‘QuI Huwallah’ after ‘Iza
    Jaa’a’ [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  • Rule: It is preferable if
    the Qiraayat in Farz Namaz in the first Rakaat is slightly longer
    than the second Rakaat and in Fajr the Qiraayat should be two
    thirds and one third in the second Rakaat [Alamgiri]. It is Sunnat
    in Jum’a and Eid Namaz to pray ‘Sabb-l-lsmi’ in the first Rakaat
    and ‘Hal Ataaka’ in the second Rakaat [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
  • Rule: Pray equal size
    Surats in both Rakaats of Sunnat and Nafl Namaz [Muniya]. To pray
    the same Surat in both Rakaats in a Nafl Namaz or to repeat the
    same Surat many times in one Rakaat is perfectly allowed [Guniya].

To make a mistake in


The general rule here is that if a mistake
is made and the whole meaning changes then the Namaz will break,
otherwise not.

Rule: If the reason of praying a different letter instead of
the proper letter is because you cannot pray the proper letter then
it is still necessary for you to try and pronounce correctly.
However, if it is due to carelessness, like some of today’s Hafiz
and Alims do have the abilty but are careless and hence miss letters
out then if the meaning of the verse changes then the Namaz will be
void and all Namaz prayed like this will have to be made Qaza.

Action for those who
cannot pronounce correctly

It is necessary for those people who cannot
pronounce letters correctly to try day and night until they can. If
they have the opportunity to pray Namaz behind those who can
pronounce correctly then they should always do this. Or they can
pray the verses which they can pronounce correctly, and if both
options cannot be done then with effort their Namaz will count and
people like them can pray behind people like this [Durr-e-Mukhtar,
Radd-ul-Mohtar, Bahar-e-Shariat etc.].


  • Rule: If someone prays ‘Subhana
    Rabbi-al Azueem’ as ‘Subhana Rabbi-al-Ajeem’ (or uses a zeh
    instead of a zoi) then their Namaz will break.

Praying the Holy Quran
outside Namaz

  • Rule: The Holy Quran
    should be prayed in a clear and concise manner. It should not be
    sung as this is not allowed but in fact should be taken care that
    the pronunciation is done accurately.
  • Rule: It is better to
    pray the Quran by looking at it than off by heart [Alamgiri]. It
    is Mustahhab to perform Wuzu, face the Qibla, wear nice clothes
    and pray the Quran, and when starting to pray first of all say ‘A’oozubillah..’as
    this is Wajib and when starting a Surat pray ‘Bismillah..’ as this
    is Sunnat otherwise if you are praying a Mustahhab verse and it is
    referring to Allah’s self then to pray Bismillah after
    A’oozubillah is Maukidah. If you talk between praying a verse and
    your conversation is of a worldly nature then pray Bismillah
    again, and if it is of a religious nature such as replying to a
    Salaam, or answering to the Azaan, or saying ‘Subhanallah’ or
    praying the Kalima then there is no need to say A’oozubillah again
    [Guniya etc.].
  • Rule: If you have started
    praying from Surah Baraat then pray both A’oozubillah and
    Bismillah. If however, Surah Baraat comes in the duration of you
    praying then continue and don’t pray Bismilla. The commonly known
    statement that if you start with Surah Baraat there is still no
    need to pray A’oozobillah or Bismillah is wrong. The other
    statement that if Surah Baraat comes in the duration of you
    praying then pray A’oozubillah but not Bismillah is also wrong
  • Rule: It is not good to
    finish the whole Quran in less than three days [Alamgiri].


  • Rule: When there is a
    Quran praying ceremony (Khatam) then it is better to pray ‘QuI
    Huwallaho Ahad’ three times.
  • Rule: There is no harm in
    praying the Quran whilst lying down as long as the legs are folded
    and the mouth is open, also there is no harm in praying the Quran
    whilst walking and working as long as you are not distracted,
    otherwise it is Makrooh [Guniya].
  • Rule: When the Holy Quran
    is prayed loudly in a gathering then it is obligatory for all
    present to listen if the reason for the gathering is to pray the
    Quran, otherwise if only one listens then it is sufficient
    regardless if the others are busy in their work [Guniya,
    Fatawa-e-Razvia, Bahar-e-Shariat].
  • Rule: If all the people
    in the gathering pray the Quran loudly then this is Haram. Often
    in an Urs or Fatiha all the people pray the Quran loudly
    individually, this is Haram. If there are a few people in a
    gathering then all should pray quietly [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
  • Rule: It is not allowed
    to pray the Quran in town centres and where people are working
    because if people do not listen then the sin will be upon the
    person praying.
  • Rule: If while praying
    the Quran a religious leader, Sultan, king, an Islamic scholar, a
    spiritual leader etc walk into the room then you are allowed to
    stop and stand up for respect [Guniya, Bahar-e-Shariat].


  • Rule: If a person is
    praying the Quran incorrectly then it is Wajib for the person
    listening to correct them, but the condition is that there is no
    jealously or hatred in doing so [Guniya, Bahar].

Respecting the Quran

  • Rule: It is better to
    pray the Holy Quran loudly as long as you do not disturb a person
    praying Namaz, or sleeping, or an ill person.
  • Rule: It is not a good
    thing to write the Quran on walls or Mehrabs.
  • Rule: It is very bad to
    learn the Quran off by heart and then forgetting it. Such a person
    will wake up blind and with leprosy on the day of judgement.
  • Rule: You should not have
    your back towards the Holy Quran, or spread your legs around it,
    or raise your feet higher than it, or stand on a higher place
    whilst placing the Quran in a lower place.
  • Rule: No book should be
    placed on top of the Quran whether it is a book of Fiqh or Hadith.
  • Rule: If the Quran
    becomes very wet or torn and can no longer be used to pray from,
    then it should be wrapped and buried in a clean place, there
    should also be a coffin so that soil does not get on it.
  • Rule: An old Quran which
    can no longer be of use should not be burnt but buried.
  • Rule: A cloth should not
    be placed on top of the case that contains the Quran.
  • Rule: If a person has
    left the Quran in their house for blessings and auspiciousness and
    does not pray it then there is no sin and because the intention is
    good one they will gain reward [Qazi Khan].


There has been a lot of emphasis given to
Jamaat and it carries a lot of reward, upto the extent that a Namaz
prayed with Jamaat gains reward twenty seven times more than a Namaz
prayed on it’s own.

  • Rule: Jamaat is Wajib for
    males and to miss it even once without cause is a sin and should
    be punished and for those who make a habit of missing Jamaat is a
    wrongdoer (Fasiq) and his statement for witnessing cannot be
    accepted and should be severely punished. If his neighbours
    ignored the fact that he was missing Jamaat then they are also

What Namaz have the
condition of Jamaat

  • Rule: For Friday prayers
    (Ju’ma) and Eid prayers, Jamaat is a condition and without Jamaat
    the Namaz cannot be prayed.
  • Rule: The Tarawih Namaz
    is Sunnat-e-Kifayya, meaning if some people within an area
    performed it then the rest will not be responsible and if no-one
    prayed it in an area then all will have done a bad thing and would
    be responsible.
  • Rule: Jamaat in the Witr
    prayer during the month of Ramadan is Mustah’hab.
  • Rule: Jamaat in Sunnat
    and Nafl Namaz is Makrooh and except for the month of Ramadan it
    is also Makrooh for Witr Namaz.
  • Rule: If  you are aware
    that if by washing the body parts three times in Wuzu, you will
    miss a Rakaat then it is better to only wash them once and obtain
    the Rakaat. If you are aware tnat by washing me vvuzu pans three
    times you will not miss a Rakaat but will miss the first Takbeer,
    then it is better to wash the parts three times [Sagiri,

Jamaat Thania (Duplicate

  • Rule: If in an area there
    is a fixed Imam in a Mosque and after calling the Azaan and Iqamat
    and praying the Sunnats, the Imam has then lead the Jamaat
    prayers, then to pray that Namaz again standing a different Jamaat
    is Makrooh after calling the Azaan and Iqamat again. If however,
    the second Jamaat is prayed without calling another Azaan then
    there is no problem as long as it is prayed slightly away from the
    Mehrab. If the first Jamaat was prayed without an Azaan or with a
    quiet Azaan or by other non regular people then the Jamaat is to
    be called again and this second Jamaat is not Jamaat Thania. [Durr-e-Mukhtar,

What Reasons allow the
Jamaat to be missed

  • Rule: The following
    reasons can be used to miss Jamaat;
  • Such an illness that it would be
    very difficult to go to the Mosque
  • The weather is very cold or very
    cloudy, or very windy
  • You have a bad urge of
    excretion, urination or releasing wind
  • You are scared of an aggressor
  • You are scared that you will
    miss your group
  • You are blind or disabled
  • You are so old that it is very
    difficult to go to the Mosque
  • You are afraid that your
    possession or food will be destroyed
  • A person who is poor and owes
    money and is scared of bumping into the lender
  • You are looking after an ill
    person and if you leave them they will have difficulty or be

All the above are causes that allow you to
miss Jamaat.

  • Rule: Women are not
    allowed to attend any Jamaat, not day Namaz or night Namaz, or
    Ju’ma and Eid, whether she is young or old. The same rule applies
    for women attending lectures, i.e. they are not allowed to attend
    [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar-e-Shariat].

Where does a single
Muqtadee stand ?

  • Rule: A single male
    Muqtadee, even if he is a child should stand on the right side and
    parallel with the Imam. It is Makrooh for a single Muqtadee to
    stand on the Imam’s left side or behind the Imam. If there are two
    Muqtadees then they should stand behind the Imam, to parallel with
    the Imam is Makrooh-e-Tanzihi. If there are more than two
    Muqtadees then it is Makrooh-e-Tahrimi to stand parallel with the
    Imam [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Bahar].
  • Rule: One person was
    stood in line with the Imam and then another person joined then
    the Imam should go forward and the person that has joined the
    Jamaat should stand next to the present Muqtadee. If the Imam
    cannot move forward then the Muqtadee should move backwards or the
    person arriving should pull the Muqtadee back. However, if there
    is only one Muqtadee then it is better if he comes back and if
    there are two then it is better for the Imam to move forward.

Rules of rows (Saff)

  • Rule:
    The rows should be straight and the people should
    be joined alongside each other. There should not be a gap between
    the people in the rows and the shoulders should be level and the
    Imam should be in the front in the middle.
  • Rule: It is better to
    stand in the first row and close to the Imam. However, in the
    Jananza Namaz it is better to stand in the back row [Durr-e-Mukhtar].
  • Rule: The Muqtadee should
    say the Takbeer-e-Tahrima with or after the Imam. If the Muqtadee
    said the word ‘Allah’ with the Imam and ‘Akbar’ before the Imam
    then the Namaz will not count.
  • Rule: The Muqtadee cannot
    pray the Quran in any Namaz, not when the Imam prays loudly or
    quietly because whatever the Imam prays is sufficient for the
    Muqtadee [Hidaya etc.].
  • Rule: The method of the
    rows should be that the men are in the front rows then children
    then finally women [Hidaya].



Who should be an Imam

  • Rule:
    The Imam should be a Muslim, male, sane, adult, one
    who knows the rules of Namaz and a non Ma’zoor (has no illness).
    If any of the above six aspects are not found in an Imam then the
    Namaz will not count behind him.
  • Rule: A Ma’zoor can be an
    Imam for a Muqtadee with the same illness or worse than him. If
    however, both the Imam and Muqtadee have two different types of
    illnesses e.g. one suffers from releasing wind and the other
    suffers from droplets of urine then they cannot be an Imam for
    each other [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar]. Rule: A person with
    a Tayammum can be an Imam for a person with Wuzu [Hidaya etc.].


  • Rule: A person who
    performs Masah over leather socks can be an Imam for a person
    washing his feet [Hidaya etc.].
  • Rule: A person who prays
    Namaz standing can be a Muqtadee of a person who prays Namaz
    seated [Hidaya].
  • Rule: The person who
    performs Rukooh and Sijdah cannot pray behind a person who prays
    by action only. However, if both the Imam and Muqtadee both pray
    with actions then they can follow each other [Hidaya].


  • Rule: A naked person
    cannot be an Imam of a person who has covered his body [Hidaya].

Order of praying Namaz
behind a person with wrong beliefs

  • Rule:
    To make a ‘Bud Mazhab’ (person with corrupt
    beliefs) whose beliefs have not gone outside the folds of Islam is
    a sin and to pray a Namaz behind him would make the Namaz
    Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and would have to be repeated as this would be
    Wajib[Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar,
  • Rule: To make an open
    wrongdoer (Fasiq Mu’allin) such as a person who drinks alcohol,
    gambles, adulterer, one who obtains interest money, one who tells
    tales etc. those who commit big sins, an Imam, is a sin and Namaz
    behind them would be Makrooh-e-Tahrimi and to repeat it is Wajib
    [Radd-ul-Mohtar, Durr-e-Mukhtar etc.]
  • Rule: Namaz behind those Bad Mazhabs whose beliefs have
    gone out of the folds of Islam such as Rafzi (Shiites, even if
    they only reject the fact of Hazrat Abubakr being a Caliph or a
    Sahhabi or insults the Shaikhain Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhuma), those
    who believe that the Holy Quran is man made, those who reject
    intercession or seeing Allah on the day of Hashr, or the
    punishment of the grave or the existence of Kiraman Katibeen
    cannot be performed [Alamgiri, Guniya]. There is an even more
    stricter rule for those who cal